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From The Future World is a composition
created using artificial intelligence
to complement the works of Antonín Dvořák.
The piece is based on the master's unfinished sketch that was discovered 100 years after its creation and completed using AIVA artificial intelligence. The process has produced a brand new composition that has three movements featuring motifs and compositional patterns used by the world-renown Czech composer.
Project Overview
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Project Overview
About the project

In the beginning, there was just enthusiasm for the music of Antonín Dvořák, interest in the world of artificial intelligence (AI), and a desire to learn how to use AI creatively and how far the current possibilities reach.

Later, having become overwhelmed with the creative process, we realized an ambition to create work that would be of great pleasure to an audience; a pleasure that would awaken positivity.

This was to be a work to really show the advantages and limitations of AI, and help us find an answer to the question: what is our role in this process - the role of “Homo sapiens”?

Antonín Dvořák left more than forty unfinished compositions and unfinished sketches behind him when he died. We decided to finish one of them - a two-page fragment of a piano composition in E minor stored in the Czech Music Museum - … 115 years later. As it turned out, it wasn’t all just about this fragment of unfinished music…

We called the team at AIVA Technologies to enquire about their artificial intelligence system, AIVA (Artificial Intelligence Virtual Artist), which is the only artificial intelligence in the world to have been awarded composer status by SACEM, an association of authors and composers.

Since 2016, there have been around 30,000 compositions by authors of all ages, from baroque to the 20th century, analyzed by AIVA in order to learn the basics of classical music composition.

AIVA’s neural network system can combine melody, harmony, rhythm and pace with emotional patterns in a very skilled way.

It doesn’t just copy what someone has created, but uses its own creative ideas.

Our assignment for AIVA was to study all of Antonín Dvořák’s 115 finished opuses, analyze his compositional style, and finish the fragment mentioned above using algorithms. We also tasked AIVA with creating two additional parts for the eventual three-part composition, From the Future World, all in the style of the grand master.

It took AIVA an entire month to work on Dvořák’s opus compositions. After, AIVA produced sheet music for a five-minute composition for piano, which was later rewritten for violin.

AIVA then composed two additional movements, not for the purpose of finishing any of Dvořák’s incomplete sketches, but to represent a free composition in the style of Antonín Dvořák.

We named the composition, From the Future World.

We wanted to express continuity from Dvořák's famous Symphony No. 9 in E minor, From the New World, and echo the piece’s fascination with the “new”, and the hope and desire not to be disappointed by expectation.

Using modern technology, we pay our tribute to one of the greatest Czech composers, who was one of the first to achieve worldwide recognition.

Are you curious to find out how well AIVA did with the composition? Are you interested in what the creators, artists and other influential thought-leaders think about the project? Would you like to connect with the team?

Check out the website, and don’t miss out on the PKF – Prague Philharmonic live performances at the Rock for People festival, and at the Rudolfinum Concert Hall, with Chief Conductor Emmanuel Villaume, on 15 November 2019!

Who was Antonín Dvořák?

Antonín Dvořák was born in 1841 in Nelahozeves, a small village near Kralupy nad Vltavou. He was the first child and eldest son of František and Anna Dvořák. With his father being a butcher, there was an expectation that Antonín would one day take over his father’s trade. Soon after starting to learn the craft of butchery, it became clear his immense talent for music was going to take him in another direction.

When the family moved to Zlonice, the twelve-year-old Antonín studied under the tutelage of Antonín Liehmann, a violin-teacher and multi-instrumentalist. He learned to play violin and organ, as well as music theory.

In 1857, at the age of 16, he moved to Prague to begin studies at an organ school. At 18, he became a violist in Karel Komzák’s orchestra, where he would stay and play for almost nine years. One of the chief composers the orchestra regularly worked with was another famous Czech composer, Bedřich Smetana.

This engagement was essential for Dvořák. Not only did he get to learn contemporary Czech music, but also opera from around the world, thanks to playing in the Provisional Theatre Orchestra.

Soon after, he began composing, and met his love and muse, Josefína Čermáková, and later marrying her younger sister, Anna.

Despite relatively rapid success, he had to wait a couple of years longer to become financially independent. It wasn’t until 1875 when he won the Austrian State Prize (Stipendium) awarding financial support to young composers in need that he became legitimately independent and successful.

However, more important than the money was the support of Johannes Brahms, who was part of the awarding jury. Brahms recommended Dvořák to one of the most important German publishers, Fritz Simrock.

Dvořák composed the famous Moravian Duets, and the first parts of the Slavonic Dances, which became the first international successes for Dvořák.

This happy period, however, was marred by tremendous family tragedy. Within two years, Dvořák lost all three of his children. While overcome by grief, he created one of his most beautiful works – Stabat Mater. Paradoxically, this work finally opened the way for Dvořák to further succeed internationally, performing Stabat Mater at the Royal Albert Hall in London. He wrote to his wife, Anna: “My dear wife, … I don’t know what to write, only just that I am immeasurably happy having so much appreciation and admiration from everyone here. Goodbye. Your Antonín.”

A happy period began. Dvořák built his summer house in Vysoká near Příbram, and over the following twenty years proceeded to create some of his most famous compositions there.

In 1891, Dvořák received an offer to become the Director of the National Conservatory of Music in New York, with a salary thirty times higher than his salary at the Prague Conservatory. After first hesitating, he moved to the United States where he stayed for two and half years.

While in the United States, he wrote his most successful pieces - Symphony No. 9 in E minor “From the New World”, String Quartet No. 12 in F major nicknamed the American Quartet, a cycle of eight humoresques, biblical songs from David’s book of psalms, and at the end of his stay in America, the famous Cello Concerto in B minor – a piece that became an essential part of the repertoires of cello players worldwide.

At the end of his life he found inspiration in the realm of fairytales, fables and folklore, composing two fabulous operas, The Devil and Kate, and Rusalka. The premiere of Rusalka in 1901 was one of the last triumphs of Antonín Dvořák.

He died on 1 May 1904, suddenly and unexpectedly. As he lived, so he left the world, without pathos and ostentation. His last words were: “My head is spinning somehow. I’ll go to bed.”

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Listen to the first part of the composition "From The Future World"
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Article
People even danced to "new" Dvořák at Rock for People

The second movement of the composition AIVA/Antonín Dvořák: From the Future World op. 71 was played at the KB stage already at 6.15 pm on the first festival day. The world premiere performance of the second movement was given at the joint annual concert of Vypsaná fiXa and the PKF – Prague Philharmonia Orchestra. A huge number of people came to listen to it and their reactions exceeded our expectations – people clapped their hands enthusiastically, nodded approvingly, and even danced.

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Article
Ekonom: The World Premiere of a Musical Piece Completed by Artificial Intelligence is Heading to Rock for People on July 4th.

In the form of an interview with Kateřina Šušáková, communications director at KB, the Ekonom weekly invited its readers to the Rock for People music festival. On July 4th, a joint concert of PKF – Prague Philharmonia and the band Vypsaná fiXa will take place on the main stage, opening with the second movement of the composition From the Future World, in its world premiere.

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Festival invitation

Don’t miss the surprise that awaits you at the start of the Vypsana Fixa concert. You will be able to hear with your own ears what a composition completed by artificial intelligence sounds like.

You will experience a unique performance by PKF - Prague Philharmonia. with AIVA / Antonín Dvořák: From the Future World Op. 71, composed by Antonín Dvořák and AIVA Artificial Intelligence.

This will be the premier of the unique project, jointly undertaken by Wunderman - the largest marketing agency in the Czech Republic, Komerční banka and the PKF – Prague Philhamonia Orchestra, so be sure not to miss it!

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PKF – Prague Philharmonic records From the Future World for strings!
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KlasikaPlus: About composers with a heart

“I’ve got something that wasn’t composed by a living creature in front of me. That makes one think about philosophy and personal ethics,” said Ivo Kahánek, pianist, in his interview on the classical music web portal, KlasikaPlus.cz.

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Mediář: Wunderman comes up with a “new” Antonín Dvořák composition

A beautiful text about Wunderman, Komerční banka and the PKF – Prague Philharmonic Orchestra bringing a unique cultural project to life - a project combining the work of Antonín Dvořák with artificial intelligence.

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Brussels

“New” Antonín Dvořák piece played in Brussels!

The first part of the AIVA/Antonín Dvořák composition, From the Future World op. 71, was played at a festive presentation of the Czech Republic’s national strategy at a global event called, EU as a Leader in AI.

The event was held under the auspices of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic, and in the presence of European Commissioner, Věra Jourová, as well as many representatives from EU countries, members of COREPER, ambassadors, attachés and significant persons from telecommunication, science and research.

“Being Czech, we are very proud of Antonín Dvořák and his cultural heritage. His legacy is very precious to us. When we heard about this unique project in the sphere of artificial intelligence originating in the Czech Republic, we got in contact with the implementers in order to show the project here in Brussels. At the same time, we were pleased we could contribute to make this work more visible in the European area,” said Petr Očko, Vice Minister, Ministry of Industry and Trade of Czech Republic.

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MediaGuru: Wunderman and KB compose music using artificial intelligence

MediaGuru, a news website about media, marketing and advertising, reports on Wunderman working to complete an unfinished musical sketch by Dvořák using AIVA artificial intelligence.

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Project revealed! The first presentation of From the Future World at the PKF – Prague Philharmonic 2019/2020 season press conference

Emmanuel Villaume, Director of Music and Chief Conductor of the PKF – Prague Philharmonic Orchestra, described this project as an exciting experiment, showing us new questions that haven’t been solved yet. What is the actual creative “overlap” of mankind with artificial intelligence? And, what is the role of the performing artist?

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Komercní banka as Innovative Sponsor of the Arts

Michal Teubner, a representative of Komerční banka, took the floor at the conference. He explained the importance of the financial institution’s role in the innovative project, From the Future World. The bank's philosophy is to promote Czech culture while modernizing its services with the help of the latest technology.

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Richard Stiebitz and Filip Humpl of Wunderman at the Press Conference

We accepted a kind invitation to a press conference where we were given the opportunity to speak publicly for the first time about this entire project, its creation and all the partners involved in it. After hearing our story and the first movement of the new piece, there was applause, followed by palpable curiosity. What will the entire composition performed by the PKF - Prague Philharmonic sound like?

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1st movement of From the Future World performed by pianist, Ivo Kahánek

The first movement, including the original fragment by Antonín Dvořák, was played by a top Czech pianist, Ivo Kahánek. His fingers brought the AIVA/Dvořák piece, From the Future World op. 71, to life for the very first time.

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Harmonie: PKF will play Dvořák’s piece composed by artificial intelligence

The evening before the press conference announcing the new PKF - Prague Philharmonic season, the first article detailing the From the Future World project was published in Harmonie, a prestigious Czech music magazine.

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Article
Original Dvořák’s sketch

It was such an exciting moment! We had in our hands sheet music written by the master! A musical motif that had been resting for years in the archives of the Czech Music Museum! Could we revive it?

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Article
Czech Music Museum

We spent a few weeks searching and asking about which compositions Antonín Dvořák worked on, and which he didn’t finish in his final years. Did he plan to write another symphony? Where are his sketches? We doggedly searched for the answers and finally found a most precious thing - a fragment of an unfinished piano composition in E minor in the Czech Music Museum in Malá Strana, Prague.

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Muzeum hudby, to je místo, kde to celé začalo

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Project Partners
Wunderman
Wunderman is a communication firm that creates concepts by bringing together data and creativity.
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Wunderman is a communication firm that creates concepts by bringing together data and creativity. Wunderman's campaigns incorporate artificial intelligence. In this project, artificial intelligence was presented with the challenge of creating a work of art.
Komerční banka
Komerční banka is a bank committed to modern trends and state-of-the-art technologies in providing services to clients.
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Komerční banka is a bank committed to modern trends and state-of-the-art technologies in providing services to clients. At the same time, Komerční banka supports social values and takes part in various cultural projects. Komerční banka is therefore a proud partner of the "From The Future World" project, an effort that shows that artificial intelligence can help people in dealing with highly complex tasks.
PKF – Prague Philharmonia
Although the PKF – Prague Philharmonia's forte is classical music, the ensemble is open to challenges and experiments.
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Although the PKF – Prague Philharmonia's forte is classical music, the ensemble is open to challenges and experiments. That includes the orchestra's participation in the "From the Future World" project, which brings together classical music and modern technologies. To pay homage to Antonín Dvořák, the PKF – Prague Philharmonia will perform the work, created by artificial intelligence, in a concert in November. The orchestra will be conducted by its chief conductor Emmanuel Vilaume.
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Media Contacts
Richard Stiebitz
Wunderman
Michal Teubner
Komerční banka
Iva Nevoralová
PKF – Prague Philharmonia